5 Essential Components of CCTV Camera System

A CCTV camera system makes use of video cameras, also called surveillance cameras to keep track of the interior and exterior of a property, transmit the signal to a monitor or set of monitors, and give real-time 24/7 viewing access.

With all these benefits, a surveillance system has become a must in a society where there is an increase in the crime rate. So when you decide which security system is best for your unique necessities, these are the 5 essential components you should give importance to:

1. Camera

If you’re building a CCTV Camera System, you have two camera options: Internet Protocol (IP) or analog. IP is usually the preferred choice due to its compatibility with most devices. Many different types of cameras can be installed, for example -dome cameras, bullet cameras, covert cameras.

Depending on how many angles you want to cover, how many cameras you will need in that specific area, how much resolution or detailing you require when you choose your preferred cameras.

2. Monitoring Station

A monitor arguably facilitates the most important function of a security camera: viewing recorded images and footage. Deciding how many monitors you’ll need is dependent upon what, and which area you are monitoring. You wouldn't need more than three to five screens if you aren't operating in a large-scale facility. Although if your requirements change, you can easily add or remove monitors anytime to match the compatibility of your camera.

3. Cables & Routers

Depending on the type of surveillance system, and cameras you choose, you will need supporting technologies like cables, and routers to be integrated into your system for a seamless connection. For example, wireless systems require a router, while wired versions do not.

Therefore, choose the cables, and wires after selecting your cameras, and monitors according to your unique needs.

4. Video Recorders

The video recorder is the device where video recorded on the camera gets processed for storage & viewing. There are two types of video recorders: DVR (Digital Video Recorders) and NVR (Network Video Recorders). You can learn more about them here.

5. Data Storage

Your CCTV security system is only as good as the hard disk backing it. The storage device for a security camera system should be able to record, store and re-play videos non-stop from multiple feeds. Regular hard drives that are used in PCs and Laptops are ill equipped to handle CCTV storage needs. Hence, it is critical to choose a robust storage system for safe data storage.



A CCTV Camera System has become a vital necessity in this modern world. While selecting your preferred security system, the 5 essential components you need to give importance to for consistent service are: Camera, Monitor, Cable, Video Recorders, and Data Storage. Now that you know the essential components of a security camera system, you can choose quality products for the safety of yourself and your loved ones.